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Environmental Studies: Citations & Help

Cite your sources

The Environmental Studies department generally recommends using APA style.

Most formatting issues are addressed in this quick guide from University of Alberta Library. For a deeper dive, consult Purdue OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th ed).

Alternatively, visit the Research Help Desk to consult our physical copy of the APA Guide:

To help with formatting citations, you may find tools like Zotero or Refworks useful. Ask a librarian for a quick tour of what these tools can do. You will definitely love using them by the time you write longer papers like your capstone or thesis!

For more information about citation styles and citation management software see the citation guide.

Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography = Citations + Annotations. An annotation is NOT an abstract or summary! Annotations address these questions* (be concise):

  • What is the source about?
  • What arguments does the author make? 
  • Are the author's arguments convincing?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the arguments?
  • How does this source help you in your research? How does it fit in with other sources you are using?
  • What additional questions does it raise?

*Modified from Williams College Annotation Worksheet

More on Annotated Bibliographies from Purdue OWL and Cornell

Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction (video)

The Research Process